Government to decide: devaluation or financial paralysis
On November 22nd, Prime Minister Myasnikovich said that the state housing construction programme was short of BYR 1.8 billion.
A slowdown in lending has affected Belarus’ economy. If restrictions on lending are not lifted in the medium term, economic settlements will be paralyzed. Today the only cheap money source available is printing, but that might result in rapid devaluation.
In October, the economy felt the effects of the credit crunch policy. A positive effect from this decision was the decline in net demand for foreign currency by legal entities in October 2013 - to USD 29.4 million – the lowest in the last three months. However, there were significantly more negative effects. Some companies have used loans to finance current operations and after the credit crunch will be unable to pay wages, which may lead to greater social tensions. Cement plants have reduced production due to the unavailability of bank loans. The construction industry may derail 2013 housing construction plans due to restrictions on concessional lending.
If credit crunch policy is prolonged, payments in the economy will be crippled. Loans were used by counterparties to make payments throughout the cycle. Using loans, customers were paying construction contractors, wages were paid, building materials were bought, electricity, etc. Lack of financial resources leads to arrears and economic slowdown. Ultimately the resources will stop returning to the banking system and entire economy will become paralyzed. Even the slightest panic by depositors may result in some banks having problems with meeting their customer obligations.
Partially, the credit crunch problem is recognized in the government. The latter has elaborated some regulations, envisaging resuming concessional lending in some spheres, such as housing construction. When there is lack of budgetary proceeds, the National Bank has an option to switch on the printing press or the Government might take a decision to privatize state property. Besides sale of MTS shares (Belarus requested USD 800 million), no other major transactions have been projected. Therefore, the only source for concessional lending is money-print. However, it will rapidly increase pressure on the currency, which coupled with the lack of external lending, will accelerate devaluation.
Thus, the government has to choose between attempts to maintain the stability of ruble by slowing down the economy or to lift the credit ban, which will accelerate the onset of devaluation. Since the government has failed to fulfil most 2013 economic development indicators, it has nothing to lose and could be held responsible for the future devaluation.
During searches of social and "green" activists and anarchists, law enforcement has seized computers, mobile phones and publications. The authorities have also exerted additional pressure on supporters of unauthorized street protests and independent lawyers, who represented defendants in the White Legion case. The security services have stepped up the persecution of opponents before the street protests announced by the opposition. Apparently, the Belarusian authorities aspire that participants in street protests would reduce in number and that the low interest of the population to socio-political agenda before the local election campaign would retain.