Privatisation and banking sector are the most likely sources to replenish international reserves
Belarus’ international reserve assets calculated by the IMF SDDS standards decreased by USD 427.7 million in January 2014. Due to significant payments on Belarus’ public debt and the lack of loans from Russia, Belarus’ international reserves fell to USD 6.2 billion, regardless of a relative stability on the currency market. Most likely, the National Bank will increase pressure on the banking sector in order to find means to replenish the gold reserves. In addition, Belarus may reconsider prices on privatisation assets and sell some for circa USD 100-200 million.
The Labour and the Tax Ministries are considering the possibility to include persons engaged in some economic activity without forming a legal entity in the social security system. When the decree No 337 comes into effect, the number of private entrepreneurs is likely to reduce due to the possibility of reducing the tax burden when switching to a tax payment as an individual. 95% of self-employed, including PE, pay insurance premiums on the basis of the minimum wage. The number of self-employed citizens is expected to increase, the number of insurance contributions to the pension system from PE will decrease, the number of citizens who will pay a fee to finance government spending will decrease by several tens. Self-employed citizens have the alternative not to pay social security fees and save resources for future pensions, which, given the gradual restriction by the state of pension requirements could be a more long-sighted option.