Privatization: what and to whom
Privatization is the key issue in negotiations between the Government of Belarus and its creditors. The National Bank plans to attract USD 3.6 billion in 2011 through privatization.
Today negotiations are taking place regarding sales of stakes of Belarus in cell phone operator Mobile TeleSystems (MTS) (entire package, 51%), gas pipeline operator AAT Beltranshaz (part of 50% share), Minsk Automobile Plant MAZ (partially), potassium extraction and procession plant Belaruskali.
The National Bank negotiates sales of entire or part of share in commercial banks Paritetbank, Belinvestbank, Belagroprombank (also via the EBRD). However, so far the parties did not manage to agree on the price.
Stabilization loan will help Belarus to defend its negotiating position however the delay or refusal of the allocation makes its position considerably weaker.
The Belarusian government plans to auction shares in 180 Belarusian joint stock companies (either book value of shares or their market price). However the country has no positive experience in the auction sales of enterprises (previous privatization of all profitable companies was held by closed presidential decrees). There is a possibility that the World Bank will assist the Belarusian government in holding 5 transparent sale auctions of profitable enterprises.
According to Belstat, in August 7,600 people were dismissed, including 4,800 civil servants. Dismissals of civil servants were due to the optimisation in the public administration by up to 30%. Some civil servants would retain their job however would lose the status of a civil servant. Vacancies on the labour market are likely to reduce in number, thanks to the optimisation, the state administration would increase wages for public servants. The payroll fund for retained employees is likely to increase and some former state employees are likely to get jobs in affiliated organizations. The optimisation of the state apparatus should complete by January 1st, 2018, and some former civil servants are likely to join the ranks of the unemployed.