The new head of the National Bank of Belarus and changes in the monetary policy
Chairman of the Board of Belarusbank Nadezhda Ermakova was appointed as the new Head of the National Bank of Belarus. Before the appointment Ermakova reported to Lukashenko, that the banking system and the foreign currency market of the country have stabilized completely:
the foreign currency exchange rates set by the National Bank reflected the reality without being constrained by administrative tools and that there was an inflow of deposits. At the same time, she said that the day before in “Belarusbank” the outflow amounted to "only" USD 360,000 and Euro 300,000 which was insignificant in her view. Alexander Lukashenko instructed the new Head of the National Bank of Belarus to reach the single currency exchange rate of the Belarusian Ruble in the near future.
The National Bank of Belarus allowed Belarusbank, Belinvestbank, Belagroprombank, Paritetbank and Alfa-bank until 1 December 2011 to buy cash foreign currency without selling it to the population via foreign exchange offices located in recreational facilities (without specifying what stands for a “recreational facility”). Currency collected that way would be sold to citizens for social purposes.
The National Bank allowed the use of foreign currency in transactions between the residents in leasing agreements. This provision is valid until 1 January 2013. In autumn 2009 the National Bank canceled the use of foreign currency in a number of operations between residents, including leasing agreements. Several months ago a number of businesses appealed to the National Bank with a request to return the possibility of settlements in foreign currency.
Regardless of other candidates being more qualified and better experts, the authorities bet on a “gray mouse”, who knows banking very well however does not understand macroeconomics. Therefore the main criterion was loyalty rather than professionalism. Obviously, Ermakova will continue the existing policy of administrative regulation and redistribution. It implies that the credit (emission) support to individual enterprises will continue, as well as the sale of foreign currency to the population for "social purposes" only (traveling due to illness of a family member or linked to a funeral, treatment or in some cases studies). The National Bank has finally lost its independence: the monetary and exchange rate policy is now determined solely by the Presidential Administration.
President Lukashenka continues to rotate staff and rejuvenate heads of departments and universities following new appointments in regional administrations. Apparently, new Information Minister Karliukevich could somewhat relax the state policy towards the independent media and introduce technological solutions for retaining control over Belarus’ information space. New rectors could strengthen the trend for soft Belarusization in the regions and tighten the disciplinary and ideological control over the student movement in the capital.
President Lukashenka has appointed new ministers of culture and information, the new rector of the Belarusian State University and heads of three universities, assistants in the Minsk and Vitebsk regions.
The new Information Minister Karliukevich is likely to avoid controversial initiatives similar to those former Minister Ananich was famous for, however, certainly within his capacities. Nevertheless, the appointment of Belarusian-speaking writer Karliukevich could be regarded as the state’s cautious attempt to relax environment in the media field and ensure the sovereignty of national media.
The Belarusian leadership has consolidated the trend for mild Belarusization by appointing a young historian and a ‘reasonable nationalist’, Duk as the rector at the Kuleshov State University in Mogilev. Meanwhile, while choosing the head of the Belarusian State University, the president apparently had in mind the strengthening of the ideological loyalty among the teaching staff and students at the main university in order to keep the youth movement at bay. Previously, Korol was the rector of the Kupala State University in Grodno, where he held purges among the disloyal teaching staff.
The trend for the renewal of mid-ranking executives and their rejuvenation has confirmed. The age of the Culture Minister and three new rectors varies from 39 to 44 years old.