Minsk interested in EU dialogue only on economic issues
Belarusian authorities continue to ignore activities within the EU Dialogue on modernization with Belarus, where the opposition and independent experts play an important role. In turn, Belarusian authorities keep in contact with the EU officials directly and discuss only economic, rather than political issues of bilateral cooperation.
On November 21st, the second round of expert dialogue between EU and Belarus on economic and financial affairs was held in Brussels.
As we have mentioned before, the Belarusian authorities are not interested in taking part in the EU Porgramme launched in spring 2012 on expert-political cooperation “Dialogue on modernization with Belarus”. The authorities ignore this programme because it was launched without their participation, but with the participation of the Belarusian opposition and independent expert community. The authorities refused to take part in the launch due to the fact that the programme meant to address highly sensitive political and economic issues for Lukashenko’s regime.
Therefore, Belarusian officials prefer maintaining direct contacts with the EU and address politically neutral issues without the opposition’s and independent experts’ involvement. The November 21st event was attended by Deputy Economy Minister Golukhov, Deputy Finance Minister Ermolovich, Permanent Representative of Belarus in the EU Evdochenko, as well as representatives from the National Bank of Belarus and other agencies. From the EU side, there were Head of Department for the EU neighboring countries and macro-financial assistance of the European Commission Directorate General for Economy and Finance, Mr. Temprano and officials from the European External Action Service of the European Commission. The next round of talks was scheduled for autumn 2013.
In addition, the Belarusian authorities have launched an alternative programme for expert dialogue “Smart Networks”. They invited young professionals to take part in it with an incentive that they will receive job offers from state analytical and expert centres to develop professionally. The programme is yet to be formalized and will be carried out under the auspices of the Information and Analytical Centre of the Presidential Administration and with the participation of public administration and education bodies. The project work is organized in several thematic areas: the need for political reforms in Belarus, the need for privatization, the role of a welfare state, European and Eurasian integration, etc.
The situation is developing so that both ‘expert dialogues’ will continue co-existing in parallel and independently of one another. Similar parallelism and mutual independence will be preserved in the contacts of the authorities and the opposition with the EU and U.S.: the authorities will not allow the opposition to mediate the dialogue process and will focus discussions on economic issues. In addition, the authorities have a number of regional security issues to put on the agenda for a possible dialogue with the EU (smuggling, drug trafficking, illegal migration, etc).
According to Belstat, in August 7,600 people were dismissed, including 4,800 civil servants. Dismissals of civil servants were due to the optimisation in the public administration by up to 30%. Some civil servants would retain their job however would lose the status of a civil servant. Vacancies on the labour market are likely to reduce in number, thanks to the optimisation, the state administration would increase wages for public servants. The payroll fund for retained employees is likely to increase and some former state employees are likely to get jobs in affiliated organizations. The optimisation of the state apparatus should complete by January 1st, 2018, and some former civil servants are likely to join the ranks of the unemployed.