Authorities close the eastern border to the opposition
On March 27, the leaders of the United Civil Party Anatol Lebedko and the Belarusian Party of the left-wing party \"Just World\" Sergei Kalyakin, as well as the spokesman for the campaign \"European Belarus\" Alyaksandr Otroshchenkov, were taken off the Minsk-Moscow train in the town of Orsha, on the Belarusian-Russian border.
They had intended to take a flight from Moscow to Brussels, were detained by police in the Belarusian town of Orsha on March 27. All three charged with disorderly conduct and fined by the court.
Blocking the path to the EU via Moscow is the know-how of the Belarusian authorities. Despite the illegality of such actions, they have a short-term didactic and demonstrative effect. These tactics, - selected by the government, - confirmed that they still do not have a long-term strategy for dialogue or isolation.
The detention and trial of three opposition representatives were an apparent attempt by the authorities to demonstrate their ability to restrict the rights of the opposition, preventing their planned meeting with European Commissioner Štefan Füle in Brussels. Earlier, the authorities tested the selective closure of Belarus’ western border for politicians and NGO representatives, introducing the so-called \"travel ban list.\" A peculiarity of this recent operation in Orsha was the illegal withdrawal of all three detainees’ passports, which has further complicated their free movement after the trial.
This (illegal) measure allows the authorities to demonstrate their understanding of a balanced response to visa sanctions, imposed by the EU against Belarusian officials. It is possible that the authorities might think that such measures could hinder the process of negotiation and decision-making between the EU and Belarusian partners in the program \"European Dialogue on Modernization\" (a set of measures to promote cooperation between the EU and Belarusian democratic forces). This program was approved by the EU Council of Foreign Ministers on March 23 and was officially launched at the meeting with Štefan Füle in Brussels on March 29.
However, the selective actions of the authorities (leader of the unregistered Belarusian Christian Democracy party Vitaly Rymashevsky (who was also on the train with Lebedko, Kalyakin and Otroshchenkov, but was not arrested), and the lack of a clear rationale for the introduction of the \"travel ban list\" suggest that Minsk has not yet made a final decision on the freezing of political dialogue with Europe.
For now, the government’s measures are limited to a passive point response to EU actions. An attempt to close the ‘eastern corridor’ to the opposition involves a much greater effort for the authorities due to the lack of border controls with Russia. In this situation, the authorities will either have to increase the number of people involved in the detention operation (for example, traffic police), or confiscate people’s passports on a long-term basis. Both tactics are extremely resource-intensive and illegal, and therefore will not be used widely, but primarily for demonstrative purposes.
According to Belstat, in August 7,600 people were dismissed, including 4,800 civil servants. Dismissals of civil servants were due to the optimisation in the public administration by up to 30%. Some civil servants would retain their job however would lose the status of a civil servant. Vacancies on the labour market are likely to reduce in number, thanks to the optimisation, the state administration would increase wages for public servants. The payroll fund for retained employees is likely to increase and some former state employees are likely to get jobs in affiliated organizations. The optimisation of the state apparatus should complete by January 1st, 2018, and some former civil servants are likely to join the ranks of the unemployed.